月別アーカイブ: 2024年2月

What is the best CAD software for 2D drafting?

Long gone are the days of sketching, erasing, and tracing designs on large drafting tables under uncomfortable fluorescent lighting.

CAD (Computer-Aided Design) software have transformed the design phase in the engineering, architectural, construction, and manufacturing domains.

The use of CAD softwares for 2D and 3D modelling simplify the old drafting process and also make design process more time efficient.

Depending on your chosen CAD software, you can design and work with anything from architectural drawings to electrical drawings to mechanical schematics.

In general, CAD software can be separated into two categories: 2D CAD software and 3D CAD software. Which type of software you use will come down to the product you’re trying to make.

Despite the widespread use of 3D CAD models, the need for 2D drawings is evident for engineering CAD designs. It’s still a valuable tool in situations where a full 3D model isn’t required.

Looking for the best 2d cad software? Not sure which option is for you? Need some free cad drafting software? Look no further!

pctechtest.com have put together a list of top 7 best free CAD Software for 2D drafting. All of these programs get good marks for how easy they are to use, how well they work, and how happy their customers are with them.

Whether you want a Premium 2D CAD program or just a free one to get started with, one of these 7 options is sure to work for you.

What is the advantage of 2D over 3D CAD drafting?

Drawing the projected views of an object on two planes (x and y-axes) without creating a 3D model is known as two-dimensional computer-aided design, or 2D CAD.

This contrasts with 3D CAD, where the projected views are generated using a 3D model of the object on three planes (x, y, and z-axes).

2D CAD solutions are far more cost-effective than advanced 3D CAD, so it’s a very cost-effective alternative to 3D CAD modeling.

3D CAD tools offer numerous functions for the designer, which many of them are not required. On the other hand, 2D CAD tools contain only the essential functions, which are easy-to-understand, learn and operate.

Formatting is simple, as you are working with. DWG extensions exclusively. Sharing your information and data with others is an absolute breeze, and you don’t have to worry about compatibility issues.

2D is often faster than 3D for quick changes and minor projects. If time is of the essence and you will not require elaborate 3D models or renders later, stick to 2D.

7 Best 2d CAD Software in the world

The best 2D CAD software has tools for annotating, drafting, and drawing, as well as tools for working together to define locations, objects, measurements, and more so that your projects can be finished.

All the 2D CAD tools that we have listed below come with their fair share of pros and cons. Therefore, the best CAD software for you will vary based on your requirement.

1. AutoCAD

AutoCAD is a widely used computer-aided design (CAD) software that allows architects, engineers, and designers to create 2D and 3D models.

2. BricsCAD

BricsCAD is often praised for its affordability and compatibility with AutoCAD, making it a cost-effective choice for those familiar with AutoCAD workflows.

3. Draftsight

DraftSight is a professional-grade 2D solution for creation, editing, and markup for 2D drawings and design.

4. LibreCAD

LibreCAD is a free, open-source, two-dimensional 2D CAD program. It can be used to make 2D drawings that are easy to moderately complex.


QCAD is an excellent free 2D CAD software that offers a rich set of drawing tools, and even its Professional version is quite affordable with a one-time purchase.

6. NanoCAD

nanoCAD serves as an economical 2D CAD software for DWG editing, providing a cost-effective solution without compromising on quality.

7. TurboCAD

TurboCAD constitutes excellent 2D CAD software that appeals to a wide range of users, from inexperienced beginners to expert users.

Can I use any drawing tablet for CAD ?

drawing pen tablet for architecture is definitely usable, but the only advantage over a mouse is the lack of wrist strain. on the other hand, The mouse is going to work much better for you.

Typically if you’re drawing things up in a CAD software like AutoCAD, you place points to make curves rather than sketch lines free hand so a mouse will allow you to place the points and then move them to adjust your curves more than adequately.

But drawing tablets are better to draw or edit photos, write, 3D sculpt, annotate PDFs, check email, and CA activities on site.

Related Posts: ipad pro vs surface probluetooth graphic tabletpen display tabletillustrator drawing tablet .


2D CAD software is a very well-known and heavily used technology nowadays. It has a huge significance in our day-to-day life.

The best 2D CAD softwares are capable tools for laser cutting, CNC machining, floor planning, technical and mechanical drawings in engineering projects, and PCB design where only an overhead is required.

Each of these 10 solutions above is suited for a given function or industry, you can select the best one for your needs and budget.

Once everything is set up and you have got to grips with the program and all the features, It can save you massive amounts of time and cut production costs.

Do share your thoughts with us using the comments section below and don’t forget to share this article.

Source: https://pctechtest.com/best-2d-cad-drafting-software

カテゴリー: apps review | 投稿者malaga 21:50 | コメントをどうぞ

What is the Best Art Software for Digital Painting?

If you’re trying to mimic traditional media, using charcoals, oils, watercolor, pencils and brushes, then you want a drawing software specifically for painting!

With so many options available, it becomes hard to make a choice that would best suit the kind of art you want to make, whether you’re just starting as a beginner or are a professional.

What you’d generally want is a digital art software that is compatible with the device you’re using, supports the kinds of tools you need for the art you create, the cost, and any additional features that a creative can play around with.

Some digital art software may even be outdated, while others keep experimenting and keep further development at the forefront.

Different digital artists look for various features in the software they’d prefer to use.

In addition, The price point is always something to consider, but not to worry, there are just as many free alternatives to good quality software as paid ones.

Considering all of this, here’s a comprehensive list of the digital art software that has the potential to be the right fit for you.

10 Best Free and paid Art Software for Digital Painting

These are the 10 art programs that I personally like and would recommend:

If you want more info about them, I suggest you visit pctechtest site.

1. Photoshop

Photoshop is the industry standard, and preferred among most professionals, but it costs an ongoing subscription fee.

Photoshop’s brushes work so much better, virtually no lag and a lot of variety. Importing brushes from pros also works easily because.. most pros use Photoshop.

2. Clip Studio Paint

Clip Studio Paint is the best for doing Line Art, Paintings, Comics/Manga, and even 2D Animation.

Clip Studio has a lot of the tools Photoshop does, but is just more intuitive for the average artist. Also it is a one time buy, you don’t need a subscription.

Users value its quick loading time, lack of lag, pen stabilization for clean line art, and ability to export in PSD format for easy editing.

3. Krita

A lot of people use Krita as it’s free and have plenty of useful tools and brushes, but there is some learning curve to getting the most out of it.

4. Corel Painter

Corel Painter feels like an entire art store full of stuff, very realistic brushes especially for water colour and charcoal etc.

5. Rebelle

Rebelle is a top choice for artists seeking a realistic, versatile, and user-friendly digital painting experience that’s competitively priced.

Rebelle is really amazing at making painting feel very close to what is to paint on an actual canvas. The products you use like the paint and the canvas have an amazing interaction.

6. ArtRage

ArtRage is also an excellent and easy to use paint app that does a great job of simulating the flow and texture of real oils and watercolours.

7. Sketchbook Pro

Sketchbook Pro is a great tool to sketch when it comes to freehand drawings. Airbrush feature along with copic colors makes it perfect for art.

8. Medibang Paint

MediBang Paint is a free, lightweight and easy to use art program suitable for users who loves to illustrate!

9. Procreate

Procreate is a premium quality, low-cost app on Apple ipad for artists of every kind.

With abundant customizable features, expandability, and an attractive and intuitive user experience, anyone can create 2D and 3D paintings, drawings, hand lettering, and animations.

10. Paint tool SAI

Paint tool SAI is absolutely amazing for digital painting, but only available on windows devices.

It is so responsive to the pressure and movement of the pen and it’s great. Once you get the hang of it, it isn’t hard to use at all and you make amazing paintings.

What’s The Difference Between Digital Art and Graphic Design?

Digital art is a form of art that involves the use of digital tools to produce images and videos.

Meanwhile, graphic design is a profession that combines artwork, text, and typography for use in advertising, web design, and other forms of communication.

Digital Designers rely on graphic design software to create, edit, and view graphic art.

Krita vs Photoshop – Which Program is for You?

If you’re into basic drawing and sketching, A simple painting program like Krita might be enough.

But if you’re a professional artist needing advanced editing, photo manipulation, vector graphics, or extensive text tools, then a photo retouching software like Photoshop is the best.

To let you know, Photo Editing software allows users to stitch images the way they want, which can make all the difference in the final look of your photos. such as online photo editorRAW photo editor, etc.

Do I need a pen tablet to use with art program for drawing?

For hardware, outside of a half-decent computer and monitor, you may eventually want a drawing tablet with pen, whether that’s a screenless (such as classic Wacom tablets), or a drawing tablet with display.

You don’t need one to get started, and they take some learning of their own, especially screenless. Screenless graphic tablets for beginners are available for under $100, screen-in start around $200 for a very small decent one and go up from there.


Drawing software is an essential tool for an artist or illustrator, professional to novice wishing to create digital art.

The most important thing you need to consider when choosing the best drawing software is that you’re comfortable with it.

If you want a powerful drawing program that will give you the best possible experience you want Photoshop, Clip Studio Paint or other paid software.

If you can’t afford them, I recommend going with free software like Krita or Medibang Paint instead.

Free software can sometimes be less intuitive, but with use, you’ll get used to it instantly and let your creativity flow.

カテゴリー: apps review | 投稿者malaga 10:15 | コメントをどうぞ

Best Free 3D Software for Architecture Design

Technological evolution overthrew the pen and paper method of labor. Architecture software has become an integral part of the design and construction industry.

Architecture software is used for a wide range of purposes, including 2D drafting, 3D modeling, building information modeling (BIM), rendering and visualization, project management, cost estimation, and more.

Architecture software provides architects, engineers, and other professionals with the tools they need to create efficient and effective designs.

It enable users to design buildings and structures as well as their components in 3D, annotate models with 2D drafting elements, and access building data from the database of building models.

It provides a platform for designers to create, share and collaborate on their ideas, as well as to simulate the impact of different design decisions on the building’s performance.

Since architectural development is a fairly complicated process that encompasses multiple different stages of modeling, it has a massive number of software solutions available on the market for different purposes and end goals.

As such, choosing the correct one becomes a burden for a lot of people. That’s why we’ve created this comprehensive guide to help you make the right decision when it comes to buying architecture software.

We’ll cover the different types of software available, the features to look for, and the price to compare. We’ll also provide tips and advice on how to get the most out of your purchase.

Whether you’re a professional architect or a student just starting out, this guide will provide you with the information you need to make an informed decision.

What is 3D architecture software?

3D architecture software includes features such as 3D modeling, computer-aided design (CAD) tools, rendering and visualization, so users can design virtual tours and visualize structures.

These tools allow multiple designers and architects to collaborate and co-edit designs via virtual 3D models, improving project management, and reducing errors in construction.

What’s the Difference Between CAD and BIM?

Architects and design studios are increasingly turning to two main types of architecture software to design and build projects: BIM and CAD.

CAD (Computer aided design) is the process of using computers to help with the design process of a building, allowing CAD designers to create higher-quality drawings more quickly.

In the AEC (architecture, engineering, and construction) industry, CAD is typically used for two-dimensional designs such as floor plans. It can also be used to create detailed 3D models of buildings and structures.

BIM software contains tools to plan and track various stages in the lifecycle of a building, from concept to construction as well as from maintenance to demolition.

The use of BIM allows architects, contractors and engineers to work together throughout the project using the same database and building model.

Although CAD is a powerful tool, it lacks the data integration and collaborative approach of BIM. BIM can makes the most of the accuracy of CAD and applies it to real-life dimensions and specifications.

Which software or plugin is best for architecture rendering?

Architectural rendering software is a tool used by architects and designers to create images that simulate how a building or structure will look in the real world.

It allows designers to more accurately identify problems in the developmental stages of a design as well as more effectively communicate design ideas with clients.

There is a wide range of software available for architectural modeling and rendering. Some of the best software programs in this field include Enscape, V-Ray, Lumion, and twinmotion.

These programs allow architects to create detailed 3D models of buildings and render them with realistic lighting and effects.

Do you think drawing tablets are useful tools for architects?

Graphic tablets with pen are considered the commonly utilized devices by designers and architects to assist in creating innovative designs.

You can use a digital pen for sketching over quick renderings to explore ideas, sketching new projects from scratch, the process is more enjoyable for architects.

In addition, the architecture design work can be completed with efficiency by utilizing a lesser amount of time. So we recommend you get a drawing tablet for architecture design.

Related Posts: Standalone Pen TabletDrawing Tablet with ScreenWireless Graphics Pad.

10 Best 3D Architecture Software

Below, we’ll take a closer look at 10 Best 3D Architecture Design Software in 2024, their features, benefits, pricing, and target audience. you will definitely find something here.

We’ve tried to showcase many different examples of solutions that could be useful for architects in specific situations and several solutions suitable for pretty much everything.

1. Revit

2. Archicad

3. AutoCAD

4. Sketchup

5. Chief Architect

6. 3DS Max

7. Rhino

8. Vectorworks

9. Civil 3D



Professional architecture software is an indispensable working tool for architects and designers.

With the right architecture software, you can streamline your workflow, increase productivity, and create stunning designs.

Ultimately, you’ll want to select a solution (or solutions) that align with your day-to-day tasks and make your life easier.

Whether you need an architect app that can help you generate more accurate floor plans or sell your ideas to potential clients, the apps outlined above are a great place to start.

The best architecture software will depends on your specific needs, including the type of project, level of expertise, and budget.

Start exploring these architectural design tools and let your architectural visions take shape!

Source: https://pctechtest.com/best-3d-architecture-design-software

カテゴリー: apps review | 投稿者malaga 13:05 | コメントをどうぞ

The Best Free Online Photo Editors

If you’re looking to quick edit your photos, but you don’t want to download software to do so, then an online photo editor that runs directly from your browser might be a good fit.

Luckily, There are plenty of online photo editors available, fast, convenient and many of them are free, perfect to match your skill level and needs.

You’ll find that some are great for improving selfies, others are better at adding text, and some have features found in professional software like Photoshop.

Which online photo editor to use? With so many editors available, making a choice can be difficult if you don’t know the benefits and features of each app.

Fear not, as we’ve created a handy guide and a list of the 8 best online photo editors to help you decide which one is right for you.

Why do you need an online photo editor?

The Installed desktop photo editing apps like photoshop may be too much for those who aren’t power users or professional photographers.

If you just need to touch up holiday snaps and crop and resize the occasional business asset, the online photo editors will cater to your every need.

Additionally, if you use an OS that doesn’t run the app you need, such as ChromeOS and Linux, then an Online Photo Editor will be a boon.

Online photo editors are usually free to use, and provides access to various basic photo editing features.

8 Best Online Photo Editors

Explore the 8 best online photo editors available now, each offering unique features and tools to enhance your images effortlessly.

1. Pixlr

Pixlr stands out with its powerful features and user-friendly interface, making it a top choice among popular photo editing software.

2. Photoshop Express

Adobe Photoshop Express is packed with features that help improve photos significantly.

3. Photopea

Photopea is an online image editor that closely resembles Adobe Photoshop in terms of functionality and layout.

It supports PSD files, making it a great choice for users familiar with Photoshop.

4. PicMonkey

PicMonkey is an easy-to-use online photo editor with basic editing features and filters.

5. Canva

Canva offers a variety of design tools including photo editing. It’s excellent for creating social media graphics and simple designs.

6. Fotor

Fotor offers a variety of editing tools for photos, collages, and graphic design. It has a user-friendly interface and offers pre-made templates as well.

7. BeFunky

BeFunky offers a fun and easy-to-use interface for editing photos. It also offers tools for creating collages and graphic design projects.

8. PicsArt

Picsart PicsArt is a super powerful online photo editor, which provides us all useful tools to edit photos in very easy steps.

How to Choose the Best Online Photo Editor?

Here are a number of key factors worth to consider before you make your choice

User-Friendly Interface

If you are a beginner, Opt for an editor with a user-friendly design for a smooth and enjoyable editing experience.

Feature Versatility

Look for a balance of powerful features and simplicity that matches your skill level and editing needs.

Some online editors has AI-powered features that simplify complex tasks like background removal and object recognition. One-click presets and automated adjustments also save a lot of time.

Accessibility and Integration

Choose an editor that seamlessly fits into your workflow, allowing you to access and integrate your work across various devices for flexibility and convenience.

Budget and value

It’s clear that all online photo editors have a free version with limited features and can be a great choice depending on your particular needs.

If you have more money to invest or want to access the advanced features, then subscribe to a premium version to unlock other extra advantages may be the best option.


After weighing up the 8 different online photo editors available, It’s clear that all have their own unique advantages and can be a great choice depending on your particular needs.

Whether you need to retouch a portrait, add text to an image, or create a composite image, you can find something fitting for any task.

It is worth noting that if your photo editing needs are more complex than casual use or basic touch-ups, then paying for a subscription of the photoshop or other premium software may be the best option.

So, the next time you need to edit your photos, give one of these online photo editors a try and see the difference they can make!

Related Articles: Best Business LaptopsInkscape Graphic Tablets.


Are there any online RAW photo editors?

Photopea includes a RAW photo editor. However, it has only exposure, temp tint, and contrast.

Most online photo editors doesn’t accept raw camera files, so you need to Convert your RAW image file to another format, like JPEG or PNG, to fix the problem.

Desktop RAW Photo Editors like RawTherapee and Darktable can be used to edit and convert RAW files, and you can use them without paying anything.

Online vs Desktop Photo Editor: which one is better?

Online photo editors lack a lot of advanced functionalities that a full version of desktop photo editors like Photoshop, Affinity Photo, or GIMP provides.

For users that are seeking something more advanced for complex projects, you may need a more professional image editing software.

What is the best free online photo editor tool?

There are some great free online photo editors like Photopea, Pixlr, Photoshop Express, PicMonkey, Canva, Fotor, BeFunky, PicsArt, etc.

They generally offer you a free version with limited functionalities, the best one will depends on your favorites and needs.

Do drawing tablet works with Online Photo editor like pixlr?

By using a Pen Tablet for editing photos in an online photo editor like Pixlr, you can create illustrations, montages, manipulate photos and more.

Tablets are really handy if you need to draw a mask on something, or doing other edits that require painting onto the image.

If you just do spot edits and move sliders around for photo editing, it actually seemed to slow down your processing.

Source: https://pctechtest.com/best-online-photo-editors

カテゴリー: apps review | 投稿者malaga 10:37 | コメントをどうぞ

Best free programs for editing RAW images

Experienced photographers know Shooting in RAW lets you capture a lot more details of the scene.

But when it comes time to edit these files, you need a RAW photo editor capable of giving you top-quality results.

Every RAW editing software processes images a little differently which can affect sharpness and color, including the Dynamic Range Optimizer (DRO) effect.

From Adobe Lightroom to Darktable, there are a ton of RAW photo editors out there, and finding the right one can be tricky.

Fortunately, We’ve got lots of experience, and came up with 8 best software for editing RAW photos, from free options to lifetime licenses.

Whether you’re a seasoned professional or just starting out, there is an option for you.

What is a raw photo editor, and why should I use one?

A raw photo editor is program designed to process and enhance raw image files captured by digital cameras.

With the power to adjust exposure, shadows, highlights, and more during post-processing, you can breathe new life into lackluster footage or transform good footage into stunning imagery.

8 Best software for editing RAW photos

Here are our top picks for programs for editing RAW files.

We will briefly discuss each below so you can decide which program is best for you.

1. Adobe Lightroom

Adobe Lightroom is the best photography workflow tool for serious enthusiasts who processing raw files and managing a large library of photos.

2. Capture One Pro

Capture One is a professional-grade photo editing software that is known for its advanced color grading and editing tools.

Many people prefer Capture One Pro for its richer rendering of raw images, but requires an effort to master.

3. DxO PhotoLab

DXO Photolab is an amazing RAW photo editing app which allows us to add filters & effects.

4. On1 Photo Raw

ON1 Photo RAW is the best all round photo editing software.

This tool comes with great features such as an image organizer, Raw processor, layered editor, effects and so many best things.

5. Luminar Neo

Luminar Neo is the most affordable and effective choice in terms of RAW photo editor for you.

The Ai technology allows you to do complicated edits without the need to be a geek, or spend loads and loads of time on the boring bits of post production.

6. ACDSee Ultimate

ACDSee Ultimate offers many powerful photo organizing and editing tools, but its interface can get overwhelming and importing is slow.

7. RawTherapee

RawTherapee is a free, cross-platform raw image processing program.

With its user-friendly interface and numerous features, it is a popular choice among photographers.

8. Darktable

Darktable is a free and cross-platform alternative to Lightroom. I offers non-destructive editing, RAW processing, and a variety of tools for image enhancement.

The interface isn’t as intuitive as Lightroom, ant it seems not as fast as Lightroom at editing quickly a bunch of photos .

How to choose the best RAW Photo editor?

Editing RAW images will vary greatly depending on the software you choose to use.

To make sure you choose the right RAW photo editor for your needs, budget, and resources, consider the following features:

Camera compatibility

Make sure you choose software that supports your camera and lenses and provides custom manufacturer profiles.

Camera compatibility is important for achieving accurate colors, maintaining fidelity in the details, and having access to customized tools.

Hardware/OS Compatibility

Before settling on what photo editing software you should use, it’s vital to consider its compatibility with your operating system, graphics card, and processor.

RAW Processing performance

All RAW processing editors are NOT the same, so you should pay attention to its RAW processing capabilities, whether the RAW processor is good enough and how well it handles RAW images.

Photography Editing Style

Each photographer has a unique artistic style and needs different editing functionalities.

There are photo editors dedicated to portrait photography, fine art photography, landscape and nature photography, or something else.


A good workflow needs an easy-to-use interface and speedy performance.

If you edit images from different places and devices, you might need cloud storage that can keep your pictures synchronized.

Presets and filters

A rich library of presets and filters can save you time and energy. You don’t have to recreate the same style over and over again.

Make sure that you choose a photo editor that includes a wide variety of presets and allows you to fine-tune them and save your own for later use.

Digital asset management

Photographers work with large sets of pictures. Besides batch processing, photo editor requires a good image management system, sharing capabilities, and efficient search tools.

If you don’t want to use separate software for organizing your images, choose professional photo editing software that provides this functionality. Make sure it allows you to label, rate, sort, share and search images.


Most professional photo editors offer a free trial version.

A perpetual license is a one-time purchase that gives you the right to use a software forever.

With a subscription license, the customer pays monthly or yearly, and the vendor commits to delivering updates over time.

If you’re just starting out, a free program may be a much better choice than a more advanced one, even if, technically, it’s not as good.


Your RAW editing software should be able to preserve the quality of the photo, have a user-friendly interface, and fast processing speed.

Whether you’re a hobbyist or professional, these are 8 of the best photo editing programs out there for handling RAW files.

With Adobe Lightroom being convenient to most photographers, Capture One Pro and Luminar Neo bring in great technology to keep your workflow diverse.

RawTherapee and DarkTable are two of the best free options and are very feature rich.

Find one with the features that are most important to you and have fun!

If one application alone is unlikely to meet your needs, You can use more apps simultaneously.

Related Posts: Drawing Tablets for PhotoshopBest Graphic Design Laptops.


What are the differences between JPEG and RAW file formats?

RAW files are lossless and bigger, because they preserves the full data from your camera sensor, providing more flexibility for post-processing.

In comparison, A JPEG image is essentially all that data compressed down into a smaller file size that’s easier to share.

What are some unique features in raw photo editors?

Raw editors often offer advanced features like non-destructive editing, which allows you to adjust images without altering the original data.

They also provide precise control over highlights and shadows, exposure, noise reduction, and lens correction.

What are some free Free apps for editing RAW photos?

There are 2 free and open source programs, RawTherapee and DarkTable that benefit photographers interested in investing in learning how to use them.

It’s a shame people do not realize how great these programs are but simply see they are free and assume they are not worth anything.

What is the difference between raw editing and regular photo editing software?

Regular photo editing software typically works with compressed image formats like JPEG, PNG, TIFF, etc.

If you need to carry out detailed retouching and repair work, a Regular photo editing software like Photoshop, Affinity Photo, or Gimp is likely to be your first stop.

Raw editors, on the other hand, work with unprocessed data from your camera, offering greater control over exposure, color balance, and detail.

Do I need a pen tablet for RAW photo editing in Lightroom?

There is much more control over the brush as pen tablets are pressure sensitive, so the harder you press the more effect you have.

Pen tablets for editing photos are better if your doing a lot of masking, dodging, burning, touch-up and such in photoshop, and need to trace more complex shapes that are hard to do with a mouse.

As for RAW photo editing in lightroom and alike, The sliders are done better with a mouse, for speed the mouse wheel or manually imputing numbers can be faster.

If you do want to be faster memorising hotkeys & setting custom defaults help as well as a dual display setup.

Additionally, If you have created a graduated filter in Lightroom, but need to erase portions, then the precision of a pen is invaluable.

Source: https://pctechtest.com/best-raw-photo-editors

カテゴリー: apps review | 投稿者malaga 11:48 | コメントをどうぞ